EFFECT OF QUARRY DUST AND BILLET SCALE ADDITIONS ON THE PROPERTIES OF FLY ASH BRICKS

10.22099/ijstc.2014.1843

Abstract

This paper reports the effect of addition of quarry dust and billet scale on the properties
of fly ash bricks. Bricks were made with fly ash and cement and varying percentages of quarry
dust and billet scale. All the mixtures were made to be flowable in fresh state. The bricks were
then tested for strength, modulus of rupture, ultrasonic pulse velocity, initial rate of suction, water
absorption, and efflorescence. The strength of bricks ranged from 0.8 MPa to 18.9 MPa, modulus
of rupture ranged from 0.13 MPa to 3.7 MPa, water absorption from 15 to 32 %, and initial rate of
suction between 0.27 and 2.21 kg/m2.min. All the bricks were categorised as non-efflorescent. It
is concluded that the optimum ratio of fly ash and billet scale and quarry dust and billet scale is 1:1
to get improved strength. Furthermore, it is shown that fly ash bricks incorporating 25% of quarry
dust and billet scale gives reduction in the various properties observed.

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