SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF INTERNAL REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM-COLUMN JOINTS: A DETAILED MODELING AND SIMULATION INVESTIGATION

10.22099/ijstc.2014.2415

Abstract

In a Seismic Force Resisting System (SFRS), beam-column joints are crucial structural
elements. Failure of these elements may lead to total collapse of a structure. Recent earthquakes
have demonstrated that structural systems designed based on current codes of practice are
vulnerable to sever damages, mostly due to undesirable performance of joints. In general, design
codes do not consider the effects of joint characteristics on the behavior of the structure and treat
joints as members which remain elastic during an earthquake. To thoroughly understand the effects
of different design parameters on the behavior of beam-column connections in RC structures and
consequently on the overall performance of SFRS, a wide range of experiments must be carried
out. But prior to a successful setup and conducting any experiments, a theoretical study and
numerical simulation is essential. Therefore, having some reliable F.E. models at our disposal
plays a significant role in the field of experimental and theoretical research.
This paper first explains, in detail, the process for developing a F.E. model for RC beamcolumn
connections in the simulation environment provided by ANSYS. Next an attempt is made
to study the behavior of RC beam-column joints subjected to seismic forces using the developed
model. Finally, the effects of main joint characteristics including ductility, moment capacity ratio,
type of loading, ultimate loads, over-strength factors and joint transverse reinforcement are
investigated.

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